Steps ahead in understanding the catalytic isomerization mechanism of linear allylic alcohols in water: dynamics, bonding analysis and crystal structure of a 2-allyl-intermediate.
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Author/sScalambra, Franco; Lopez-Sánchez, Belen; Holzmann, Nicole; Bernasconi, Leonardo; Romerosa, Antonio
The isomerization of 1-penten-3-ol into 3-pentanone catalyzed by [RuCp(H2O-κO)(PTA)2](CF3SO3) (1CF3SO3) (PTA = 1,3,5-triaza-7-phosphaadamantane) was studied and two water soluble ruthenium catalyst reaction intermediates were characterized. The main intermediate, the complex [RuCp(exo-2-1-penten-3-ol)(PTA)2](CF3SO3)·2H2O (exo- 2CF3SO3·2H2O) was isolated and characterized by NMR in solution and by single-crystal X-ray diffraction in solid state, constituting the first example of a fully characterized complex containing a coordinated 2-allylic alcohol and the first crystal structure for a water-soluble metal complex containing a 2-allyl ligand. NMR and Eyring analysis show the crucial involvement of water molecules both in the transformation of allylic alcohol into a ketone as well as in the concomitant isomerization of the exo-coordinated substrate into the endo conformer. DFT structure and bonding analyses are used to assess the relative stabilities of the isomers and how th...