Incorporating the functional dimension of biodiversity through remote sensing into ecology and conservation
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Author/sPérez Cazorla, Beatriz
Incorporating ecosystem functioning and functional diversity in ecology and nature conservation is key to promote sustainability and a safe operating space for humanity. Nowadays, numerous international agreements, such as the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), face the challenge of safeguarding the ecological processes and ecosystem functions that sustain the multiple facets of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Indeed, variables describing ecosystem functioning are widely demanded to define essential biodiversity variables, a framework to coordinate monitoring programmes worldwide. Ecosystem functioning is particularly relevant to track and forecast how environmental changes affect biodiversity and ecosystem services. To characterize ecosystem functioning, multiple remote sensing techniques can be used, such as the Ecosystem Functional Type (EFT) approach. EFTs can be defined as groups of ecosystems with similar dynamics of matter and energy exchanges between the biota and t...