Multivariate Analysis on Physical Activity, Emotional and Health Status of University Students Caused by COVID-19 Confinement
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Author/sMerchán-Sanmartín, Bethy; Brocel-Bajaña, Mayra; Pambabay-Calero, Johny; Bauz-Olvera, Sergio; Montalván Burbano, Néstor; [et al.]
Confinement as a result of COVID-19 had a strong impact around the world and restricted mobility. The university community started to take routine classes in a virtual and sedentary way, causing negative effects on their health and habits. The objective of this research is to analyze the impact of confinement through surveys of students and interviews with university professors, in order to study the effects of confinement on physical activity, emotional state, and health. The methodology was as follows: (i) preliminary data; (ii) survey development, interviews, and information collection; (iii) data processing and multivariate presentation of the results, using multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) and multiple factor analysis (MFA). The results of 375 respondents show that there is a low level of physical activity (<300 METs, 49.6%), where women register sedentary behavior (73%). Emotionally, most of them show feeling bored. Some express anxiety, depression, discomfort, and frustrat...