Monitoring in a Discrete-Time Nonlinear Age-Structured Population Model with Changing Environment
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This paper is a contribution to the modeling–methodological development of the application of mathematical systems theory in population biology. A discrete-time nonlinear Leslie-type model is considered, where both the reproduction and survival rates decrease as the total population size increases. In this context, the monitoring problem means that, from the observation of the size of certain age classes as a function of time, we want to recover (estimate) the whole state process (i.e., the time-dependent size of the rest of the classes). First, for the linearization approach, conditions for the existence and asymptotic stability of a positive equilibrium are obtained, then the discrete-time observer design method is applied to estimate an unknown state trajectory near the equilibrium, where we could observe a single age class. It is also shown how the observer design can be used to detect an unknown change in the environment that affects the population dynamics. The environmental chan...
nonlinear Leslie-type model