The role of meta-cognitions and thought control techniques in predisposition to auditory and visual hallucinations
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Author/sGarcía Montes, José Manuel; Cangas Díaz, Adolfo Javier; Pérez-Álvarez, Marino; Fidalgo, Ángel M.; Gutierrez, Olga
Objectives. This study examines the relationship between a predisposition to hallucinations and meta-cognitive variables and thought-control techniques, controlling for the possible effect of anxiety. In order to do so, we start out with the hypothesis that anxiety does not, in itself, explain the association between meta-cognitions and a predisposition to auditory and visual hallucinations. Design. A within-participants correlational design was employed. Methods. Four psychometric tests relating to predisposition to hallucinations, anxiety, meta-cognitions and thought-control techniques were administered to 150 participants. Results. It was found that, after controlling for participants' anxiety levels, the ‘loss of cognitive confidence’ factor predicted the score on the scale of predisposition to both auditory and visual hallucinations. Thought-control strategies based on worry were also found to be predictive of a greater predisposition to hallucinations, regardless of whether or no...