Understanding sociocultural factors contributing to HIV risk among Ayoreo Bolivian sex workers
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Author/sLópez Entrambasaguas, Olga Mª; Granero Molina, José; Hernández-Padilla, Jose M.; Fernández-Sola, Cayetano
The Bolivian indigenous Ayoreo ethnic people are vulnerable to sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV. Ayoreo women who also work in sex trades belong to an extremely high-risk group, and prevention programs are not delivering effective outcomes for them. The aim of our study was to explore, describe, and understand behavioral and cultural patterns related to sexual and reproductive health in Ayoreo sex workers. A qualitative-ethnographic study was designed; data were collected through participant observation and in-depth interviews with sex workers and key informants. Two fundamental themes contributing to HIV risk for female Ayoreo sex workers in Bolivia emerged: reproductive/sexual freedom and sociocultural risk determinants. We concluded that the in-depth examination of the sexual-reproductive culture amongst the Ayoreo has provided useful information, which might contribute to the cultural adaptation and design of future policies and prevention programs for STIs and HIV in...