Simulating Rainfall, Water Evaporation and Groundwater Flow in Three-Dimensional Satellite Images with Cellular Automata
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Author/sEspínola, Antonio Moises; Piedra Fernández, José Antonio; Ayala Palenzuela, Rosa M.; Iribarne Martínez, Luis Fernando; Leguizamón, Saturnino; [et al.]
Remote sensing has been used in numerous environmental simulations with the aim of solving and improving many different kinds of problems, e.g., meteorology applications, soil quality studies, water resource exploration, and environmental protection. Besides, cellular automata have been widely used in the field of remote sensing for simulating natural phenomena over two-dimensional satellite images. However, simulations on Digital Elevation Models (DEM), or three-dimensional (3D) satellite images, are scarce. This paper presents a study of modeling and simulation of the weather phenomena of rainfall, water evaporation and groundwater flow in 3D satellite images through a new algorithm, developed by the authors, named RACA (Rainfall with Cellular Automata). The purpose of RACA is to obtain, from the simulation, numerical and 3D results related to the total cumulative flow and maximum level of water that allow us to make decisions on important issues such as analyzing how climate change ...