Utilization of centrate for the production of the marine microalgae Nannochloropsis gaditana
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Author/sSepúlveda, Claudia; Acien, F. Gabriel; Gómez, Cintia; Jiménez-Ruiz, Natalia; Riquelme, Carlos; [et al.]
In this paper, the production of the microalga Nannochloropsis gaditana using centrate from the anaerobic digestion of treated urban wastewater is studied. For this, semicontinuous cultures were performed indoors at laboratory scale, under controlled conditions, supplying seawater with different centrate percentages from a real wastewater treatment plant as the culture medium. It was demonstrated that N. gaditana can be produced using solely centrate as the nutrient source but only at percentages below 50%. Above this level, inhibition is caused by an excess of ammonia, thus reducing productivity. In the 30-50% centrate range, biomass productivity was 0.4 g·l-1·day-1, equal to that measured when using Algal culture medium. Moreover, the biochemical composition of the biomass was also equal to that measured when using Algal culture medium, with the protein content in the 30-40%d.wt. range; whereas the lipid content ranged from 20 to 25%d.wt. Under these conditions, phosphorus depuration...
microalgae, wastewater, centrate, nutrient limitation, productivity, biochemical composition