Energetic evaluation of a double-effect LiBr-H2O absorption heat pump coupled to a multi-effect distillation plant at nominal and off-design conditions
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This paper presents the experimental characterization of a double-effect absorption heat pump (DEAHP) using lithium bromide-water (LiBr-H2O) which recovers the low-energy latent heat from the last effect of a multi-effect distillation (MED) plant. The experimental facility is located at the Plataforma Solar de Almería (PSA) and the test campaign has been performed with the aim to find the best operating strategies that minimize the energy consumption and maximize the energetic efficiency of the DEAHP-MED system taking also into account the distillate production of the MED unit. For this purpose, the impact of the variation of the input variables by which the DEAHP-MED system can be controlled (MED inlet hot water flow rate, MED inlet hot water temperature, the live steam flow rate and the DEAHP cooling water flow rate) on the coefficient of performance (COP), the performance ratio (PR) and on the total distillate production, has been analysed in two different coupling schemes between t...