Gender, Marital Status, and Children as Risk Factors for Burnout in Nurses: A Meta-Analytic Study
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Author/sCañadas De la Fuente, Guillermo A.; Ortega Campos, Elena María; Ramirez Baena, Lucia; De la Fuente-Solana, Emilia I.; Vargas, Cristina; [et al.]
The correlation between the burnout syndrome and sociodemographic variables in nursing professionals has been widely studied though research results are contradictory. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of gender, marital status, and children on the dimensions of the burnout syndrome (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment) in nursing professionals, as measured with the Maslach Burnout Inventory. The search was performed in May 2018 in the next databases: CINAHL, CUIDEN, Dialnet, Psicodoc, ProQuest Platform, OVID Platform, and Scopus with the search equation (“Maslach Burnout Inventory” OR “MBI”) AND “nurs*”, without using any search restriction. The sample was n = 78 studies: 57 studies for gender; 32 for marital status; 13 for having children. A statistically significant relation between depersonalization and gender (r = 0.078), marital status (r = 0.047), and children (r = 0.053) was found. A significant relation was also found between emoti...
Maslach Burnout Inventory
sociodemographic risk factors