Simulations of Melting of Encapsulated CaCl2·6H2O for Thermal Energy Storage Technologies
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Author/sPuertas López, Antonio Manuel; Romero Cano, Manuel Servando; Nieves López, Francisco Javier de las; Rosiek, Sabina; Batlles Garrido, Francisco Javier
We present in this work simulations using the finite difference approximation in 2D for the melting of an encapsulated phase-change material suitable for heat storage applications; in particular, we study CaCl2·6H2O in a cylindrical encapsulation of internal radius 8 mm. We choose this particular salt hydrate due to its availability and economic feasibility in high thermal mass building walls or storage. Considering only heat conduction, a thermostat is placed far from the capsule, providing heat for the melting of the phase-change material (PCM), which is initially frozen in a water bath. The difference in density between the solid and liquid phases is taken into account by considering a void in the solid PCM. A simple theoretical model is also presented, based on solving the heat equation in the steady state. The kinetics of melting is monitored by the total solid fraction and temperatures in the inner and outer surfaces of the capsule. The effect of different parameters is presented...
latent thermal energy storage