Date Seeds (Phoenix dactylifera L.) Valorization for Boilers in the Mediterranean Climate
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Author/sde la Cruz Lovera, Carmen; Manzano Agugliaro, Francisco; Salmerón Manzano, Esther María; de la Cruz Fernández, José Luis; Perea Moreno, Alberto Jesus
Energy saving is a global priority, as it is helping both energy and environmental sustainability by reducing CO2 emissions. The search for new energy solutions is therefore necessary. In the Mediterranean climate, resources are generally scarce, and all energy sources need to be explored, including biomass from agricultural or industrial waste. There is a clear upward trend in date worldwide production, having doubled its world production in the last 10 years, and this trend is particularly relevant for Mediterranean climate countries, especially in North Africa and nearby countries. This study analyzes the properties associated with the date seed (Phoenix dactylifera L.) to evaluate its suitability and viability as a new biofuel. Specifically, the viability of replacing the existing gas boiler in a university building in the south of Spain with a system of biomass boilers using this biomass was analyzed as a case study. The results reveal that this biomass has HHV values very similar...