Validation of a New Multicistronic Plasmid for the Efficient and Stable Expression of Transgenes in Microalgae
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Author/sMolina Márquez, Ana; Vila, Marta; Rengel, Rocío; Fernández, Emilio; García Maroto, Federico; [et al.]
Low stability of transgenes and high variability of their expression levels among the obtained transformants are still pending challenges in the nuclear genetic transformation of microalgae. We have generated a new multicistronic microalgal expression plasmid, called Phyco69, to make easier the large phenotypic screening usually necessary for the selection of high-expression stable clones. This plasmid contains a polylinker region (PLK) where any gene of interest (GOI) can be inserted and get linked, through a short viral self-cleaving peptide to the amino terminus of the aminoglycoside 3′-phosphotransferase (APHVIII) from Streptomyces rimosus, which confers resistance to the antibiotic paromomycin. The plasmid has been validated by expressing a second antibiotic resistance marker, the ShBLE gene, which confers resistance to phleomycin. It has been shown, by RT-PCR and by phenotypic studies, that the fusion of the GOI to the selective marker gene APHVIII provides a simple method to scr...