Soil Monitoring Methods to Assess Immediately Available Soil N for Fertigated Sweet Pepper
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Author/sRodríguez, Alejandra; Peña-Fleitas, M. Teresa; Padilla, Francisco M.; Gallardo, Marisa; Thompson, Rodney B.
Excessive N application occurs in greenhouse vegetable production. Monitoring methods of immediately available soil N are required. [NO3−] in soil solution, sampled with ceramic cup samplers, and [NO3−] in the 1:2 soil to water (v/v) extract were evaluated. Five increasing [N], from very N deficient (N1) to very N excessive (N5) were applied throughout three fertigated pepper crops by combined fertigation/drip irrigation. The crops were grown in soil in a greenhouse. Soil solution [NO3−] was measured every 1–2 weeks, and extract [NO3−] every 4 weeks. Generally, for treatments N1 and N2, both soil solution and extract [NO3−] were continually close to zero, and increased with applied [N] for treatments N3–5. The relationships of both methods to the nitrogen nutrition index (NNI), an indicator of crop N status, were assessed. Segmented linear analysis gave R2 values of 0.68–0.70 for combined data from entire crops, for both methods. NNI was strongly related to increasing [NO3−] up to 3.1 ...
Capsicum annuum L.
ceramic suction cups