OPEN- AND CLOSED-LOOP EQUILIBRIUM CONTROL OF TROPHIC CHAINS
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If a nearly natural population system is deviated from its equilibrium, an important task of conservation ecology may be to control it back into equilibrium. In the paper a trophic chain is considered, and control systems are obtained by changing certain model parameters into control variables. For the equilibrium control two approaches are proposed. First, for a fixed time interval, local controllability into equilibrium is proved, and applying tools of optimal control, it is also shown how an appropriate open-loop control can be determined that actually controls the system into the equilibrium in given time. Another considered problem is to control the system to a new desired equilibrium. The problem is solved by the construction of a closed-loop control which asymptotically steers the trophic chain into this new equilibrium. In this way, actually, a controlled regime shift is realized.