The Influence of the Social Context on Motivation towards the Practice of Physical Activity and the Intention to be Physically Active
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Author/sTrigueros Ramos, Rubén; Aguilar Parra, José Manuel; Cangas Díaz, Adolfo Javier; Fernández Batanero, José María; Álvarez Hernández, Joaquín
According to WHO data, only around 20% of adolescents participate in physical activity (PA) during their free time. The social context can act as a support for adolescents to do PA, given the effect that both parents, friends and teachers have on young people’s behaviour owing to the large amount of time and influence they have on them. Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyse the role of the social context on adolescents’ motivation to practise PA and their intention to be physically active. This study involved the participation of students in compulsory and post-compulsory secondary education. Several statistical analyses were performed, including three confirmatory factorial analyses of the scales and a structural equations model that explains the causal relationships between the variables. The results showed how support for autonomy in the social context positively predicts autonomous motivation, whereas the psychological control of the social context negatively predicts it. ...