Validation of the Scale of Basic Psychological Needs towards Physical Exercise, with the Inclusion of Novelty
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Author/sTrigueros Ramos, Rubén; Álvarez Hernández, Joaquín; Cangas Díaz, Adolfo Javier; Aguilar Parra, José Manuel; Méndez Aguado, Cristina; [et al.]
The purpose of this study was to validate and adapt to the Spanish context of Physical Education, the Spanish version of the Scale of Basic Psychological Needs in the context of physical exercise, with the incorporation of novelty to the scale. The sample that took part in the study was 2372 people from 16 to 48 years old from the province of Almeria. In order to analyze the psychometric properties of the scale, several analyses have been carried out. The results have offered support both for the eight-factor structure and for the higher-order double model where the eight subscales are joined into two constructs called frustration and satisfaction. The structure of both models was invariant with respect to gender and age. Cronbach’s alpha values were above 0.70 in the subscales and scales; and adequate levels of temporal stability. In addition, the subfactors pertaining to the satisfaction of basic psychological needs positively predicted the intrinsic motivation for physical activity,...
basic psychological needs