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dc.contributor.authorMolina Pardo, José Luis 
dc.contributor.authorRodríguez Caballero, Emilio 
dc.contributor.authorCueto Romero, Miguel 
dc.contributor.authorBarranco Vega, Pablo 
dc.contributor.authorSánchez Robles, Manuel 
dc.contributor.authorLaguía-Allué, Azucena
dc.contributor.authorGiménez Luque, Esther 
dc.date.accessioned2021-11-15T11:27:55Z
dc.date.available2021-11-15T11:27:55Z
dc.date.issued2021-11-04
dc.identifier.issn2077-0472
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10835/12770
dc.description.abstractAgriculture is one of the most widespread human activities and has the greatest impact on terrestrial ecosystems, as it transforms natural ecosystems into artificial landscapes using, in many cases, large amounts of pesticides as well as overexploiting natural resources. Therefore, for effective biodiversity conservation, it is necessary to include agricultural systems in conservation programs. In this work, the 50 plant taxa described for Spain as threatened by agricultural use were selected. These were divided according to the type of threat into those affected by crop extension, intensification, or abandonment. In addition, information was obtained concerning their conservation status, level of protection and functional traits (life form, pollination, and dispersal). Finally, the evolution of land use, in the areas near the populations of the selected species, was identified. The selected taxa belong to 21 families and present different life forms and modes of dispersal or pollination. Forty-six percent are endangered (EN) and most are included in legal protection lists. Nearly three-quarters are threatened by crop expansion and land use dynamics, reflecting an expansion of cultivated areas, which adds further pressure to these species. In addition to agricultural expansion, taxa are also at risk, due to important rates of agricultural land abandonment, and mention agricultural intensification. Nevertheless, conservation measures do exist to promote biodiversity in agricultural landscapes that may help to reverse the negative effect of land use dynamics on selected species, but few are specific to threatened flora. Therefore, if threatened plants are to be conserved in agricultural areas, it is necessary to promote a profound transformation of our socioecological systems. One of these transformative changes could come from the human-nature reconnection.es_ES
dc.language.isoenes_ES
dc.publisherMDPIes_ES
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectthreatened plantes_ES
dc.subjectagriculturees_ES
dc.subjectSpaines_ES
dc.subjectland usees_ES
dc.subjectconservationes_ES
dc.subjecthuman-nature reconnectiones_ES
dc.titleEffects of agricultural use on endangered plant taxa in Spaines_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/agriculture11111097


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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional