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dc.contributor.authorBarrios-Ulloa, Alexis
dc.contributor.authorCama-Pinto, Dora
dc.contributor.authorArrabal Campos, Francisco Manuel 
dc.contributor.authorMartínez Lao, Juan Antonio 
dc.contributor.authorMonsalvo-Amaris, José
dc.contributor.authorHernández-López, Audomaro
dc.contributor.authorCama-Pinto, Alejandro
dc.date.accessioned2023-01-25T18:17:00Z
dc.date.available2023-01-25T18:17:00Z
dc.date.issued2023-01-18
dc.identifier.issn1424-8220
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10835/14175
dc.description.abstractThe deployment of 5G around the world continues to progress at a rapid pace, especially in North America and Asia. Its advantages and efficiency as a data transmission network have been widely demonstrated in different fields such as agriculture, education, health, and surveillance. However, this process does not have the same dynamics in Latin America, specifically in Colombia. The country is currently implementing actions aimed at facilitating the deployment of this technology in the short term, including pilot tests for the use of the radio spectrum, spectrum auctions, the planning of future auctions, and the review of spectrum caps. The results of this review allow us to conclude that despite the forecasts and the intentions of the Colombian government and mobile communication service operators, 5G in standalone mode will not be commercially available in Colombia before the end of 2023. The main failures in its deployment are related to the lack of available spectrum to support the ultrahigh-reliability and low-latency, enhanced mobile broadband, and massive machine-type communications scenarios, as well as the delay in the auction processes for its assignment.es_ES
dc.language.isoenes_ES
dc.publisherMDPIes_ES
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subject4Ges_ES
dc.subject5Ges_ES
dc.subjectColombiaes_ES
dc.subjectmobile communication networkses_ES
dc.subjectmobile operatorses_ES
dc.subjectspectrumes_ES
dc.titleOverview of Mobile Communications in Colombia and Introduction to 5Ges_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/23/3/1126es_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/s23031126


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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional