Addressing the Location Problem of a Perishables Redistribution Center in the Middle of Europe
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Author/sPérez-Mesa, Juan Carlos; Serrano-Arcos, M. Mar; Jiménez-Guerrero, José Felipe; Sánchez-Fernández, Raquel
This work aims to contribute to the debate on practical utilization of different location models for consolidation, redistribution, and repackaging centers in a supply chain to optimize shipments, thereby reducing food loss and waste, within the framework of quality of customer service improvement. The scenario in question is the creation of a redistribution center for highly perishable products (fruits and vegetables) from southeast Spain—the leading European supplier—for customers throughout Europe. It is estimated that 10% of exports (more than 530,000 metric tons) from this area are returned by customers due to minor defects. These products cannot be reused and are therefore wasted. Regarding the methodology, comparisons were made between the p-median, gravity p-median, and p-center models. Scenarios of change in demand and randomness in distances were also tested. In addition, the modelling used included the cost and time within a multicriteria optimization framework to assess the...
fruits and vegetables
intermodal sustainable transport
uncertain location problem