The Role of Metaphor and Metonymy as Tools of Lexical Creation: The Case of Spanish Informal Speech
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Author/sHerrero Ruiz, Javier
In the Cognitive Linguistics paradigm it is well known that conceptual metaphor and metonymy, among their various functions, are two important tools of lexical creation. Nevertheless, the literature on the topic is almost exclusively concerned with the analysis of well-established and formal varieties of language to the detriment of informal speech. This paper attempts to fill this void by describing some current informal speech expressions in Spanish which may be considered the result of these two cognitive operations; additionally, whenever possible, we offer their English counterparts. We thus explore the way in which these analytic tools play a crucial role in the proper understanding of expressions such as .“estoy de bajón.” (UNHAPPY IS DOWN), .“vas ciego esta noche.” (KNOWLEDGE IS VISION), .“ya vienen los pitufos.” (COLOUR OF UNIFORM FOR POLICEMAN), .“esa chica está cañón.” (BEING ATTRACTIVE IS HAVING PHYSICAL FORCE), etc. The expressions under consideration have been mainly obta...
Spanish informal speech
Lengua española informal