Reducing the Need for Postsecondary Remediation Using Self-efficacy to Identify Underprepared African-American and Hispanic Adolescents
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Introduction. Postsecondary remedial education is a major problem for Higher Education affecting retention rates, degree completion rates and cost of enrollment. Identification of students who are underprepared for managing the rigors of college and who would benefit from early intervention is necessary to reduce the need for postsecondary remediation. This study examines student perceptions of self-efficacy and use of self-regulatory behaviors as a possible indicator for need for remediation. Method. Sixty-three 10th and 11th grade Texas students (52.5% African American, 44.3% Hispanic, 3.2% others) participated in the study. Two self-regulation inventories, the SRI-HS and LASSI-HS, were administered to determine student self-efficacy and their use of self-regulatory behaviors. A Predictive Discriminant Analysis was used to successfully classify level of self-efficacy of a group of African American and Hispanic adolescents into 3 mutually exclusive groups, [high (81%), moderate (65%) ...